The Office of Overseas Contingency Operations Oversight collaborates with the Department of Defense (DoD) and U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Offices of Inspector General (OIGs) and coordinates OCO oversight planning and execution within the Department of State (Department) OIG to fulfill the joint Lead Inspector General for Overseas Contingency Operations responsibilities of these three OIGs under Section 8L of the IG Act. The Office of OCO Oversight works with DoD OIG and USAID OIG to produce an annual joint strategic oversight plan for each OCO and a quarterly report on each OCO that includes a summary of the collective oversight of all OIGs for the whole-of-government effort in support of each OCO.
OIG has both oversight and reporting responsibilities for overseas contingency operations under Section 8L of the Inspector General Act of 1978, as amended. Section 8L is triggered when the Secretary of Defense declares that a military operation constitutes an OCO or when an operation results in troops being called to or retained on active duty. When an OCO is declared, Section 8L activates a “Lead Inspector General” mechanism that requires concerted action by DoD OIG, USAID OIG, and Department of State OIG, with one of them designated as the Lead Inspector General. The three OIGs collectively carry out their statutory Lead Inspector General responsibilities to:
- Develop an annual joint strategic plan to conduct comprehensive oversight of the contingency operation.
- Ensure independent and effective oversight of all programs and operations of the U.S. Government in support of the contingency operation through either joint or individual audits, inspections, and evaluations.
- Report quarterly to Congress and the public on the contingency operation and the OIGs’ related oversight activities.
For a list of all OCO reports, click here.